Lyrid Meteor Shower: April 23rd

As taken from: in-the-sky.org

 

The Lyrid meteor shower will reach its maximum rate of activity on 23 April 2016. Some shooting stars associated with the shower are expected to be visible each night from 19 Apr to 25 Apr.

The maximum rate of meteors expected to be visible from a dark location is around 10 per hour (ZHR). The Moon will be 16 days old at the time of peak activity, and being so close to Full Moon, will severely limit the observations that will be possible.

The radiant of the Lyrid meteor shower is at around right ascension 18h00m, declination +32°, as shown by the green cross on the planetarium above. At midnight, it appears 28° above your eastern horizon from Virginia. All of the meteors will appear to be travelling directly outward from this point, as indicated by the white lines drawn above.

The best place to look to see as many meteors as possible is not at the radiant itself, but at any dark patch of sky which is around 90° away from it, since it is at a distance of around 90° from the radiant that meteors will typically appear at their brightest.

The sky on 23 April 2016
Sunrise: 06:17
Sunset: 19:44
Twilight from 04:43
until 21:18
All times shown in EDT.

16-day old moon
Age of Moon:
16 days

Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 07:00 14:11 21:21
Venus 05:53 12:18 18:43
Moon 21:17 01:49 07:16
Mars 22:25 03:23 08:18
Jupiter 15:28 21:54 04:25
Saturn 22:53 03:54 08:51

Heroes or Let downs

The Romans were unbelievably cruel. They forced convicts and slaves to fight to the death; for their own entertainment. Sometimes, they didn’t even fight the gracious gladiators, but vicious animals instead. If the slave won the fight, the crowd would decide the man’s fate with a simple “thumbs up” or “thumbs down”. The emperor at the time, Commodus ran a fight school, for children; or even grown men to train to become gladiators. Once they were fully train they were sent off to fight. If they succeeded, they were heroes. If they lost, they let down their family, and would be forgotten among the thousands of others lost lives.

Full Moon; 3/23/2016

The Moon will reach full phase – making it visible for much of the night, lying almost directly opposite the Sun in the sky.

Full Moons are traditionally given names according to the season in which they fall, and this will be the first full moon of spring 2016, traditionally called the Egg Moon.

Over the nights following 23 March, the Moon will rise around an hour later each day so as to become prominent later in the night. Within a few days, it will only be visible in the pre-dawn and early-morning sky. By the time it reaches last quarter, a week after full moon, it will rise at around midnight and set at around noon.

At the moment when the Moon reaches full phase, it will lie at a declination of -00°15′ in the constellation Virgo, and so will appear high in the sky at all but the most extreme latitudes. It will be visible at all latitudes between 79°N and 80°S. Its distance from the Earth will be 404,000 km.

The Constellation Libra

Libra constellation lies in the southern sky. It is one of the 12 zodiac constellations. Its name means “the weighing scales” in Latin, and it is usually depicted as the scales held by the Greek goddess of justice Dike (or Astraea), represented by the neighbouring Virgo constellation.

Libra is the only zodiac constellation that represents an object, not an animal or a character from mythology. The four brightest stars in the constellation form a quadrangle. Alpha and Beta Librae mark the scales’ balance beam, and Gamma and Sigma Librae represent the weighing pans. Libra constellation is also home to HD 140283, popularly known as Methuselah, currently the oldest known star in the universe.

Libra constellation is represented by the symbol ♎. It was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. Libra does not contain any first magnitude stars.

FACTS, LOCATION & MAP

libra constellation,libra location,libra stars,libra constellation location

Libra is the 29th constellation in size, occupying an area of 538 square degrees.

It lies in the third quadrant of the southern hemisphere (SQ3) and can be seen at latitudes between +65° and -90°.

The neighboring constellations are Centaurus, Hydra, Lupus, Ophiuchus, Scorpius, Serpens Caput and Virgo.

Libra contains three stars with known planets and does not have any Messier objects.

The brightest star in the constellation is Zubeneschamali, Beta Librae, with an apparent visual magnitude of 2.61.

There is one meteor shower associated with the constellation, the May Librids.

Libra belongs to the Zodiac family of constellations, along with Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Scorpius, Sagittarius, Capricornus, Aquarius and Pisces.

 

As taken from; http://www.constellation-guide.com/constellation-list/libra-constellation/

The Constellation Cancer

As taken from

Cancer Constellation

 

Cancer Constellation

Cancer constellation is located in the northern sky.

Its name means “the crab” in Latin. Cancer is the faintest of the 12 zodiac constellations.

Its symbol is ♋. Like other constellations of the zodiac, Cancer was catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century.

Cancer contains a number of famous deep sky objects, among them the open cluster Praesepe, also known as the Beehive Cluster (Messier 44), and the open cluster Messier 67.

FACTS, LOCATION & MAP

cancer constellation,star map,star chart,location,coordinates

Cancer is the 31st largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 506 square degrees.

It lies in the second quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ2) and can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -60°.

The neighboring constellations are Canis Minor, Gemini, Hydra, Leo, Leo Minor, and Lynx.

Cancer contains two Messier objects – the Beehive Cluster (M44, NGC 2632) and M67 (NGC 2682) – and has two stars with known planets.

The brightest star in the constellation is Al Tarf, Beta Cancri.

The Delta Cancrids are the only meteor shower associated with the constellation.

Cancer belongs to the Zodiac family of constellations, along with Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpius, Sagittarius, Capricornus, Aquarius, and Pisces.

Unlikely Champion

One cloudy day, the slave called Simon got an unexpected visit from one of the Roman guards. “You’ve been picked to be thrown in the ring with lions,”the man said.  The gruff guard signaled for Simon to get out of his cage. The Romans were cruel people and chose the weakest slave, only because they were in the mood for a bloody show. “Get to it!” the guard yelled, pushing the defenseless man into the pit. Simon took a while to get to his feet, his tattered sandals not taking well to the slippery sand set below the slave. He stood frozen, staring at the hungry lions before him. The biggest lion licked its’ lips, moving towards Simon. Suddenly, a calm feeling enveloped Simon as he sated beseechingly at the lions. After a moment it began to look like the lions understood and they started to circle the slave with curiosity. Simon remained cool and collected, anda sort of peace swept over him and the lions. Understanding and friendship filled the atmosphere as the lions showed mercy. Simon had won his life, he was the unlikely champion.

Constellation: Bootes

Bootes <!–

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Bootes, the herdsman, rides through the sky during the late Spring and early Summer. While he may have appeared as a shepherd to the ancients, modern star-gazers like us can easily recognize the shape of a kite, with the bright star Arcturus at the point of the kite where the tail is attached.

Arcturus is a bright red supergiant star with a diameter nearly 20 times that of the Sun and a brightness more than 100 times that of our Sun. Since it is only 36 light-years away (close for a star!), it appears as the brightest star in Bootes, and, in fact, the fourth brightest star in the sky.

Bootes was identified with a farmer who plows the land during spring. The Romans called Bootes the Herdsman of the Septemtriones, that is, of the seven oxen represented by the seven stars of the Big Dipper,which was seen as the cart or the plow.

Information found at; http://www.windows2universe.org/the_universe/Constellations/spring/bootes.html