From our vantage point on the Earth, Venus will appear very close to the Sun in the sky as it passes around the far side of the solar system from the Earth.
At closest approach, Venus and the Sun will appear at a separation of only 0°00′, making Venus totally unobservable for several weeks while it is lost in the Sun’s glare.
Venus will also pass apogee – the time when it is most distant from the Earth – within a few days of the same time, since it will lie exactly opposite to the Earth in the Solar System. It will move to a distance of 1.74 AU from the Earth, making it appear small and very distant. If it could be observed, it would measure 9.6 arcsec in diameter, whilst appearing completely illuminated.
Venus’s reaching superior conjunction marks the end of its apparition in the morning sky and its transition to become an evening object over the next few weeks.
Red supergiants are supergiant stars of spectral type K or M. They are the largest stars in the universe in terms of volume, although they are not the most massive.Betelgeuse and Antares are the brightest and best known red supergiants, indeed the only first magnitude red supergiants.
A red giant is a luminous giant star of low or intermediate mass (roughly 0.3–8 solar masses in a late phase of stellar evolution. The outer atmosphere is inflated and tenuous, making the radius large and the surface temperature low, 5,000 K and lower. The appearance of the red giant is from yellow-orange to red, including the spectral types K and M, but also class S stars and most carbon stars.
The most common red giants are stars on the red-giant branch that are still fusing hydrogen into helium in a shell surrounding an inert helium core. Other red giants are the red-clump stars in the cool half of the horizontal branch, fusing helium into carbon in their cores via the triple-alpha process; and the asymptotic-giant-branch stars with a helium burning shell outside a degenerate carbon–oxygen core, and a hydrogen burning shell just beyond that.
Mars will be well placed for observation, in the constellation Scorpius. It will be visible for much of the night, reaching its highest point in the sky at around midnight local time.
From Virginia, it will be visible between 20:51 and 05:03. It will become accessible at around 20:51, when it rises 7° above your south-eastern horizon, and then reach its highest point in the sky at 00:59, 31° above your southern horizon. It will become inaccessible at around 05:03 when it sinks to 8° above your south-western horizon.
Mars in coming weeks
Over the weeks following its opposition, Mars will reach its highest point in the sky four minutes earlier each night, gradually receding from the pre-dawn morning sky while remaining visible in the evening sky for a few months.
Taken verbatim from In-the-sky.org